Among the federal requirements for receiving military Office of Economic Adjustment construction grants is that you own, or have a long-term lease for the land, where you’re going to use federal funds to build something. It’s commonly referred to as site control.
Guam Waterworks Authority in 2016 applied for tens of millions of dollars in OEA grant money to improve the Northern District Wastewater Treatment Plant on Lot 10184-7, Ukudu, Dededo. The agency successfully applied for supplemental grant funding for the project in 2018. GWA has neither a certificate of title to the property, a grant deed, nor a longterm lease to that land.
“Prior to the start of construction and any ground disturbing activity, the Grantee shall provide to the Grantor for prior approval evidence of adequate access and site control to permit necessary construction, renovation, repair, expansion, demolition and/or swing space activities as well as operation and maintenance of the completed facility. Generally, site control of not less than 25 years shall be evidenced,” OEA’s Grant Program-Specific Terms and Conditions states.
GWA’s grant applications in 2016 and 2018 clearly state the use of funds to construct on Lot 10184-7.
According to its 2018 grant application: “GWA, with the assistance of the project manager/construction manager, and in coordination with the GWWIST, will procure one or more highly qualified and competent construction firms to build the improvements designed for the upgrade of the NDWWTP. The scope of construction is currently anticipated to include the improvements recommended in the NDWWTP Facility Plan provided as attachment D.”
The application further stated: “It is anticipated that a multi-phased approach to construction will be used to meet the schedule for completion, and to respond to impacts caused by an increasingly difficult construction environment on Guam, resulting from various issues in the labor market. The phases of construction are projected to include: 1. Site clearing and grading (horizontal work) 2. WWTP improvements (vertical work).”
Miguel Bordallo, GWA general manager, signed both grant applications.
Property ownership dispute
The reason GWA does not have proof of site control of the property, where the NDWWTP construction continues, is that according to documents filed at the Guam Department of Land Management, someone else owns that land.
GWA does not have a certificate of title to Lot 10184-7 because the current certificate of title belongs to Core Tech International.
GWA does not have a grant deed to the property, because the ownership of Lot 10184-7 passed by quitclaim deed from the U.S. Navy to the government of Guam, then from the government of Guam to its Guam Ancestral Lands Commission, then by quitclaim deed from the GALC to the Estate of Jose Martinez Torres, then by deed of sale to Kil Koo Yoon, then by mortgagee’s deed to the current owner, Core Tech International. These documents all are recorded legally at the Guam Department of Land Management.
GWA does not have a longterm lease to occupy the property, though the public utility agency is fighting in court for Judge Elyze Iriarte to recognize a May 23, 1980 Grant of Easement as evidence of its right to occupy the property.
“The government first points to the May 23, 1980 Grant of Easement, arguing that created an easement for the use and occupancy of the Northern District Wastewater Treatment Plant,” Judge Iriarte wrote in a November 30, 2021 decision and order on GWA motions in a lawsuit GWA and GovGuam brought to wrestle the land from Core Tech. “The May 23, 1980 Grant of Easement, however, pertains to the sewer treatment lines. Because the Grant of Easement does not contain ‘plain and direct language evidencing the grantor’s intent to create a right’ for use and occupancy of the Northern District Wastewater Treatment Plant, the Court does not find the government has established as matter of law the existence of an easement.”
In fact, Judge Iriarte went as far proclaiming that because GWA could “point to no additional evidence of an easement, there is an issue of fact whether they have a right to use and occupy Lot 10184-7.”
A General Purpose Lease the Navy granted to GovGuam that same day in 1980 – a lease GWA also is relying upon to claim site control – also is defunct, according to the judge. The United States on May 23, 1980 granted a license to GovGuam to use the property for the construction, installation, maintenance, operation, repair and maintenance of the NDWWTP. “GovGuam later conveyed its interest the license to GWA,” the judge stated in the decision and order. “As previously stated, the United States executed a Quitclaim Deed on July 26, 2002, which conveyed its right, title, and interest in the subject property to GovGuam. Upon that conveyance, the license that the United States granted GWA was extinguished. Accordingly, the Court does not find that the May 23, 1980 General Purpose Lease establishes that GWA has superior title to Core Tech.”